similar or identical technology and
products, or limit the duration of the patent protection of Seelos' technology and potential products. In addition, given the amount of time required for the development, testing and regulatory
review of new product candidates, patents protecting such product candidates might expire before or shortly after such product candidates are commercialized.
Seelos may infringe the intellectual property rights of others, which may prevent or delay its drug development efforts and prevent Seelos from
commercializing or increase the costs of commercializing Seelos' products.
Seelos' commercial success depends significantly on Seelos' ability to operate without infringing the patents and other intellectual property rights of third
parties. For example, there could be issued patents of which Seelos is not aware that Seelos' current or potential future product candidates infringe. There also could be patents that Seelos
believes Seelos does not infringe, but that Seelos may ultimately be found to infringe.
Moreover, patent applications are in some cases maintained in secrecy until patents are issued. The publication of discoveries in the scientific or patent literature
frequently occurs substantially later than the date on which the underlying discoveries were made and patent applications were filed. Because patents can take many years to issue, there may
be currently pending applications of which Seelos is unaware that may later result in issued patents that Seelos' product candidates or potential products infringe. For example, pending
applications may exist that claim or can be amended to claim subject matter that Seelos' product candidates or potential products infringe. Competitors may file continuing patent applications
claiming priority to already issued patents in the form of continuation, divisional, or continuation-in-part applications, in order to maintain the pendency of a patent family and attempt to cover
Seelos' product candidates.
Third parties may assert that Seelos is employing their proprietary technology without authorization and may sue Seelos for patent or other intellectual property
infringement. These lawsuits are costly and could adversely affect Seelos' business, financial condition and results of operations and divert the attention of managerial and scientific personnel.
If Seelos is sued for patent infringement, Seelos would need to demonstrate that its product candidates, potential products or methods either do not infringe the claims of the relevant patent or
that the patent claims are invalid, and Seelos may not be able to do this. Proving invalidity is difficult. For example, in the U.S., proving invalidity requires a showing of clear and convincing
evidence to overcome the presumption of validity enjoyed by issued patents. Even if Seelos is successful in these proceedings, Seelos may incur substantial costs and the time and attention of
Seelos' management and scientific personnel could be diverted in pursuing these proceedings, which could have a material adverse effect on Seelos. In addition, Seelos may not have
sufficient resources to bring these actions to a successful conclusion. If a court holds that any third-party patents are valid, enforceable and cover Seelos' products or their use, the holders of
any of these patents may be able to block Seelos' ability to commercialize its products unless it acquires or obtains a license under the applicable patents or until the patents expire.
Seelos may not be able to enter into licensing arrangements or make other arrangements at a reasonable cost or on reasonable terms. Any inability to secure licenses
or alternative technology could result in delays in the introduction of Seelos' products or lead to prohibition of the manufacture or sale of products by Seelos. Even if Seelos is able to obtain a
license, it may be non-exclusive, thereby giving Seelos' competitors access to the same technologies licensed to Seelos. Seelos could be forced, including by court order, to cease
commercializing the infringing technology or product. In addition, in any such proceeding or litigation, Seelos could be found liable for monetary damages, including treble damages and
attorneys' fees, if Seelos is found to have willfully infringed a patent. A finding of infringement could prevent Seelos from commercializing its product candidates or force Seelos to cease some
of its business operations, which could materially and adversely affect Seelos' business, financial condition and results of operations. Any claims by third parties that Seelos has
misappropriated their confidential information or trade secrets could have a similar material and adverse effect on Seelos' business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, any
uncertainties resulting from the initiation and continuation of any litigation could have a material adverse effect on Seelos' ability to raise the funds necessary to continue Seelos'
Any claims or lawsuits relating to infringement of intellectual property rights brought by or against Seelos will be costly and time consuming and may
adversely affect its business, financial condition and results of operations.
Seelos may be required to initiate litigation to enforce or defend its licensed and owned intellectual property. Lawsuits to protect Seelos' intellectual property
rights can be very time consuming and costly. There is a substantial amount of litigation involving patent and other intellectual property rights in the biopharmaceutical industry generally. Such
litigation or proceedings could substantially increase Seelos' operating expenses and reduce the resources available for development activities or any future sales, marketing or distribution
In any infringement litigation, any award of monetary damages Seelos receives may not be commercially valuable. Furthermore, because of the substantial amount of
discovery required in connection with intellectual property litigation, there is a risk that some of Seelos' confidential information could be compromised by disclosure during litigation. Moreover,
there can be no assurance that Seelos will have sufficient financial or other resources to file and pursue such infringement claims, which typically last for years before they are resolved.
Further, any claims Seelos asserts against a perceived infringer could provoke these parties to assert counterclaims against Seelos alleging that Seelos has infringed their patents. Some of
Seelos' competitors may be able to sustain the